-Forum is a center of all government business
-Citizens have the right to vote in a republic
-Legionaries are citizens who make up a majority of the roman army
-Consuls are chief executives
-Dictators were elected
-Conflicts between Carthage and Rome are considered the Punic Wars
-Rome and Carthage fought 3 Punic Wars
-Carthage was the most powerful city North of the African coast
-During the 3rd Punic war, Rome nearly destroyed the city of Carthage
-Spartacus led a revolt as a slave
-Marc Anthony helped Octavian gain control of the west
-Triumvirate means rule of three
-Julius Caesar led troops across the Rubicon and declared war on the Republic
-Augustus was emperor of Rome
-Pax Romana was a period of peace for 200 years
-Pax Romana was the longest period of peace ever known
-Roman laws were called the Code of Twelve Tables
-A major impact that helped the Roman Empire was good transportation
-Galen wrote several volumes on medical
-The Aeneid was written by Virgil
-Romans sacked the Jewish Holy City of Carthage
-Pontius Ponte a roman governor tried to be an enemy of the state
-The Council of Nicaea proclaimed the existence of the Trinity
-The Roman emperor Constantine declared his support for Christianity in A.D. 312
-In the late Roman empire, Christian church councils collected and spread Chrisitan beliefs which helped establish Christianity as a major religion and stabilized the church.
-Inflation is the rise of price due to the decreased value of money
-Dio cletian thought the empire had grown too large for one emperor and appointed a co-emperor to rule the West.
-invaders from Germany were a constant threat as they fled from the Huns.
-The Vandals, a Germanic tribe, proved to be a serious threat and sacked Rome around A.D. 455.
-Economic historians argue that high inflation and taxes, as well as the decline in agriculture, explain why the Western Empire fell.